Some weights and measures useful to bakers: Long, square, cubic, dry and liquid measures

Long measure
12 inches = 1 foot
3 feet = 1 yard
5 ½ yards = 1 pole, rod or perch
4 poles = 1 chain
40 poles = 1 furlong
8 furlongs = 1 mile
1760 yards or 5280 feet = 1 mile


Square measure

144 sq inches = 1 square foot
9 square feet = 1 square yard
30 ¼ square yards  = 1 rood
4 roods = 1 acre
640 acres = 1 square mile

Cubic measure
1728 cubic inches = 1 cubic foot
27 cubic feet = 1 cubic yard

Dry measure
2 pints = 1 quart
4 quarts = 1 gallon
2 gallons = 1 peck
4 pecks = 1 bushel
8 bushels = 1 quarter
36 bushels = 1 chaldron
3 bushels = 1 sack

Liquid measure
4 gills = 1 pint
2 pints = 1 quarter
4 quarts = 1 gallon

From The Baker’s ABC by John Kirkland, formerly Head Teacher of National School of Baking, published 1927 by Gresham

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3 responses to “Some weights and measures useful to bakers: Long, square, cubic, dry and liquid measures

  1. Goodness, I had to learn all of those at school. They never stuck in my brain at all. I was so happy when Britain went metric!

  2. If I had had to learn anything which involved measuring pre-metrication, I would be even more incompetent than I am now.

  3. These, and the previous set for weight and volume, used to be printed on the back of exercise books in Woolworths; long, long ago. Doesn’t the horse-racing community still use furlongs?